Fotovoltaické systémy

Oblast zaměření: Fotovoltaické systémy
Komise : IEC/TC 82 (Solar photovoltaic energy systems)
Původce: ISO\IEC\CEN\CENELEC
K připomínkám do: 12.03.2019
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This document is applicable to organizations manufacturing photovoltaic (PV) modules certified to IEC 61215 series for design qualification and type approval and IEC 61730 for safety qualification and type approval. The design qualification and type approval of PV modules depend on appropriate methods for product and process design, as well as appropriate control of materials and processes used to manufacture the product. This document lays out best practices for product design, manufacturing processes, and selection and control of materials used in the manufacture of PV modules that have met the requirements of IEC 61215 series, IEC 61730, or IEC 62108. These standards also form the basis for factory audit criteria of such sites by various certifying and auditory bodies.

The object of this standard is to provide a framework for the improved confidence in the ongoing consistency of performance and reliability of certified PV modules. The requirements of this document are defined with the assumption that the quality management system of the organization has already fulfilled the requirements of ISO 9001 or equivalent quality management system. By maintaining a manufacturing system in accordance with this standard, PV modules are expected to maintain their performance as determined from the test sequences in IEC 61215 series,  IEC 62108, or IEC 61730..

This standard is applicable to all PV modules independent of design and technology i.e. flat panel, concentrator photovoltaic (CPV). Quality controls for CPV and nonconventional flat-plate manufacturing will differ somewhat from those of more conventional designs; this document has not considered these differences.

Oblast zaměření: Fotovoltaické systémy
Komise : IEC/TC 82 (Solar photovoltaic energy systems)
Původce: ISO\IEC\CEN\CENELEC
K připomínkám do: 3.04.2019
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IEC standards for photovoltaic devices require the use of specific classes of solar simulators deemed appropriate for specific tests. Solar simulators can be either used for performance measurements of PV devices or endurance irradiation tests. This part of IEC 60904 provides the definitions of and means for determining simulator classifications at the required irradiance levels used for electrical stabilization and characterisation of PV devices.

 

This test standard is applicable for solar simulators used in PV test and calibration laboratories and in manufacturing lines of solar cells and PV modules. The A+ category is primarily intended for calibration laboratories and is not considered necessary for power measurements in PV manufacturing and in qualification testing. Class A+ has been introduced because it allows for reduction in the uncertainty of secondary reference device calibration, which is usually performed in a calibration laboratory. Measuring uncertainty in PV production lines will directly benefit from a lower uncertainty of calibration, because production line measurements are performed using secondary reference devices.

 

In the case of PV performance measurements, using a solar simulator of a particular class  does not eliminate the need to quantify the influence of the simulator on the measurement by making spectral mismatch corrections and analysing the influences of uniformity of irradiance in the test plane and temporal stability on that measurement. Test reports for PV devices tested with the simulator shall list the class of simulator used for the measurement and the method used to quantify the simulator’s effect on the results.

The purpose of this standard is to define classifications of solar simulators for use in indoor measurements of terrestrial photovoltaic devices. Solar simulators are classified as A+, A, B or C based on criteria of spectral distribution match, irradiance non-uniformity in the test plane and temporal instability. This standard provides the required methodologies for determining the classification of solar simulators in each of the categories.

A solar simulator which does not meet the minimum requirements of class C cannot be classified according to this standard.For spectral match classification a new procedure has been added. This procedure addresses the actual need for an extended wavelength range, which is arising from advances in solar cell technology (such as increased spectral responsivity below 400 nm) as well as solar simulator technology (use of component LEDs). The procedure of the second edition of this standard is still valid, but shall only be applied if backward compatibility of solar simulators already in use is required. This standard is referred to by other IEC standards, in which class requirements are laid down for the use of solar simulators.  The solar simulator characteristics described in this document should not be used in isolation to imply any level of measurement confidence or measurement uncertainty for a solar simulator application (for example, PV module power measurement). Measurement uncertainties in each application will depend on many factors, several of which are outside the scope of this standard:

Characteristics of the solar simulator, possibly including characteristics not covered by this standard;

Methods used to calibrate and operate the solar simulator;

Characteristics of the device(s) under test (for example, size and spectral response);

Quantities measured from the device(s) under test, including equipment and methods used for measurement;

Possible corrections applied to measured quantities.

When applications require a certain solar simulator characteristic, it is preferable to specify a numerical value rather than a letter classification (for example, “≤ 5 % non-uniformity of irradiance” rather than “Class B non-uniformity of irradiance”). If not obvious from the application, it should also be indicated how the required simulator characteristic correlates to relevant measured quantities. Since PV module power measurement is one of the most common applications for solar simulators, brief guidance on this application is given in informative notes for each solar simulator characteristic described in this document. This standard shall be used in combination with IEC TR 6XXXX, which deals with best practice recommendations for the intended use of a solar simulator. For output power characterization of PV devices, this Technical Report will address the relevance of the letter grades (A+, A, B, C) for measurement uncertainty.